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    Should I Invest In Small Cap Funds?

    Small Stakes, Big Gains: How Smart Investment in Small Caps Can Fuel Your Financial Goals

    Last Updated On 12-02-2024

    Unlock the Power of BIG RETURNS with PNB MetLife Goal Ensuring Multiplier

    In the vast landscape of investment opportunities, navigating the market requires a keen understanding of various asset classes.

    Understanding the difference between small cap mid cap and large cap funds can help you create a portfolio for long-term financial success.

    Since small cap funds have emerged as dynamic players in the investment arena in the past decade, boasting a return of 44.9% over the past year, we will focus on them in this article, discuss the features of these funds and explain how these funds impact your financial planning.

    What is a Small Cap Fund?

    Small-cap funds are those funds that are dedicated to investing in companies with a market capitalisation of less than approx. ₹22,000 crores.

    And is it worth investing in these funds?

    Well, for starters, the average return on small cap funds has been around 20.31% in a 10-year horizon. That is impressive.

    However, there are several factors that you should consider before you decide whether investing in small cap funds is ideal for you.

    Read on to find out more!

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    Features of Small Cap Funds

    • High Growth Potential

    Small cap funds primarily invest in companies with smaller market capitalisations, which often have significant growth potential. These companies are at an early stage of development and can experience rapid expansion, leading to higher returns for investors.

    • Undervalued Opportunities

    Small cap funds often focus on companies that are undervalued by the market. These undervalued opportunities present a chance for investors to buy into promising companies before they are widely recognised and their stock prices increase.

    • Lower Risks

    While small cap funds are associated with higher volatility, they can offer lower risks in certain aspects compared to their larger counterparts. They may be less affected by global economic factors, providing a level of insulation against macroeconomic risks, like recession.

    • Rapid Adaptation to Market Trends

    Small cap companies are generally more agile and can swiftly adapt to market trends. Unlike larger corporations, smaller firms can make decisions and implement changes more rapidly, allowing them to capitalise on emerging opportunities or navigate challenges more efficiently.


    • Value Appreciation Through Mergers and Acquisitions

    Smaller companies are often attractive targets for larger corporations seeking strategic acquisitions to enhance their market presence or gain access to innovative technologies.

    When such acquisitions occur, it can lead to an increase in the stock prices of the acquired companies, resulting in positive returns for investors in small cap funds.


    • Long-Term Capital Appreciation Potential

    Successful small companies can grow into mid-cap or even large-cap companies over time, providing investors with the opportunity to benefit from significant capital appreciation.

    Patient investors who are willing to hold their investments over the long term may see substantial returns as these companies mature and realise their growth potential.

    Government Policies and the Small-Cap Ecosystem

    Government policies definitely have a major impact on small cap funds. Here are some examples:

    • Policy Tailwinds

    Government initiatives like "Make in India" and "Startup India" play a crucial role in fostering the small-cap ecosystem.

    "Make in India" encourages domestic manufacturing, providing opportunities for small businesses to thrive in the manufacturing sector.

    "Startup India" aims to promote entrepreneurship by offering incentives, simplifying regulatory processes, and providing funding support.

    Additionally, initiatives like the Jan Dhan-Aadhaar-Mobile (JAM) trinity and the Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act contribute to creating a conducive environment for small businesses by improving financial inclusion and regulating the real estate sector.


    • Tax Breaks and Incentives

    Government policies offering tax breaks and incentives are instrumental in fueling the growth of small-cap companies. Reduced tax burdens and subsidies can enhance the financial viability of these businesses, allowing them to reinvest in expansion, research, and development.


    • Infrastructure Push

    Improved infrastructure is a key factor in the success of small businesses. Government investments in land reforms, power, roads, railways, and other essential infrastructure elements create a more conducive environment for small-cap companies to operate.

    Enhanced infrastructure not only facilitates the movement of goods and services but also improves market accessibility, enabling small businesses to reach a broader customer base. This, in turn, supports their growth and sustainability in the long run.

    • Taxation Rate on Small Cap Funds

    The taxation rate on small-cap funds are aligned with the prevailing capital gains tax regulations.


    Currently, small cap funds with a holding period of less than one year are taxed at 15% (STCG), while small cap funds with a holding period of more than one year are taxed at 10% if the long-term capital gain is more than ₹1 lakh.


    The Impact of Small Caps in Financial Planning

    • Goal-Oriented Investing

    Small caps play a crucial role in goal-oriented investing, allowing individuals to tailor their portfolios to specific financial objectives. For instance, small-cap stocks with high growth potential can be strategically included in a retirement portfolio to generate substantial returns over the long term


    • Compounding Magic

    The compounding effect is particularly powerful in the context of small-cap investments. As these companies grow and generate returns, the profits are reinvested, leading to exponential growth over time.


    • Building a Balanced Portfolio

    In portfolios primarily composed of large cap and index companies, small cap stocks provide essential risk diversification. These funds allocate investments across diverse sectors such as IT, banking, automotive, FMCG, and others.

    Their inclusion helps mitigate overall portfolio risk by introducing assets with different performance dynamics, offering investors a more balanced and resilient investment strategy.

    • Investing Savvy: Strategies for Small Cap Success

      Here are a few strategies that you can adopt while investing in the best small cap funds:


      1. Know Your Risk Tolerance

      Small caps are known for their higher volatility, and prices can experience significant fluctuations..

      Assess your comfort level with risk and align your investment strategy accordingly. Knowing your risk tolerance helps you make informed decisions, prevents emotional reactions to market movements, and ensures that your portfolio aligns with your financial goals.


      1. Do Your Research

      Due to the less-covered nature of many small-cap stocks, investors often need to delve deeper into financial reports, industry trends, and company fundamentals. Assess the company's growth potential, competitive positioning, and management team.

      Research also involves staying informed about broader market conditions and economic trends that may impact small-cap stocks.


      1. Diversification is Key

      Diversifying your small-cap investments across different industries and sectors is vital for managing risk. While small caps offer growth potential, they also come with inherent volatility.

      By spreading your investments across various small-cap stocks and sectors, you reduce the impact of poor performance in any single investment.

      Can You Invest in Small Cap Funds through NFOs?

      Investing in Small Cap funds through New Fund Offers (NFOs) can be a viable option for investors seeking exposure to emerging opportunities. However, it's essential to carefully consider the specific characteristics of the NFO, such as the fund's investment strategy, track record of the fund manager, and the overall market conditions.

      NFOs provide an opportunity to invest at the fund's inception, potentially capitalising on initial market movements. On the flip side, the lack of a historical performance record can make it challenging to assess the fund's past achievements.

    Is it Possible to Invest in a Small Cap Fund Through ULIPs?

    ULIPs are insurance-cum-investment products that offer policyholders the flexibility to allocate their premiums into various funds, including equity funds such as Small Cap funds. By choosing a Small Cap fund within a ULIP, investors can participate in the growth potential of smaller companies while also benefiting from the life insurance policy.

    Explore ULIPs With PNB MetLife

    PNB MetLife's ULIP plans feature a meticulously curated selection of funds spanning Equity, Debt, and Balanced categories. These plans seamlessly blend the benefits of investment and insurance, offering you a personalised approach to wealth creation aligned with your risk tolerance and financial objectives. Track our fund performance, explore the ULIP plans and get a quote now!


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    The aforesaid article presents the view of an independent writer who is an expert on financial and insurance matters. PNB MetLife India Insurance Co. Ltd. doesn’t influence or support views of the writer of the article in any way. The article is informative in nature and PNB MetLife and/ or the writer of the article shall not be responsible for any direct/ indirect loss or liability or medical complications incurred by the reader for taking any decisions based on the contents and information given in article. Please consult your financial advisor/ insurance advisor/ health advisor before making any decision.

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